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Filling Out a Form


Get help to complete paper and online application forms.

Before you start

Gather together all the details you’ll need to fill in the application form, for example:

  • your qualifications

  • your work history

  • references

Read the job description and instructions on the application form to understand what the employer wants. Research the employer to find out who they are and what they do. Using this information, you can start to plan what you're going to add to your form.

Provide your personal details

You'll usually need to include your:

  • full name

  • date of birth

  • address

  • phone number - give a number you'll be available on during the day

  • email address

Depending on the job, you may also need to add your:

Provide your education history

Fill in your education history, starting with the most recent first.

You'll need to list:

  • your qualifications

  • the name of the organisations you studied with

  • other training courses you have completed

  • the dates you attended

Provide your work history

You'll add your employment history here, starting with the most recent. You can include work experience and volunteering activities. It's usual to go back about 10 years, though earlier if you have relevant experience beyond this.

You will need to include:

  • the name of organisation you worked for

  • what role you had

  • when you started the job

  • when you left the job

  • Responsibilities

Explain work history gaps

When you have a gap in your work history you should give a brief explanation and say what you did during that time. You can also add more detail in your cover letter.

Breaks from work

State why you took time off from work. The employer can ask for more information in the interview. Reasons might include:

  • raising a family

  • contract came to an end

  • caring for a relative

  • receiving medical treatment

  • decided to retrain


On your application form you can state, 'made redundant between [insert the dates]'.

Employers will understand redundancy is a business decision. If they want more details, they'll ask in your interview.


If you have a gap because of a conviction, you need to check whether your conviction is spent.

If it is spent:

  • you do not need to tell employers about the conviction, unless it is relevant to the job

If it is not spent:

  • write an honest statement in your cover letter.


It is better to explain a dismissal in your cover letter. When talking about a dismissal, explain briefly:

  • the circumstances at the time

  • what you have learned from the situation

  • how you have improved since

Show your skills match the job

Application forms often include this section where you give examples to show that you have the skills and knowledge the employer is looking for.

You may be asked questions on the form set by the employer, or have to explain how you meet the job requirements laid out in the person specification that comes with the form.

For example:

  • describe a time you have been under pressure at work

  • explain a situation where you've worked in a team

You can use examples from the workplace, from home, social activities or volunteering, as long as you highlight skills relevant to the job.

How to choose references

You'll usually need a work-related reference and a personal one. Make sure you check with people first that they’re happy to provide one.

You should include the person's:

  • name and job title

  • relationship to you

  • contact details

If you do not have any work experience or do not want to use your last employer, you can ask other people to give a reference, including:

  • an older employer

  • a teacher or college tutor who knows you well

  • a team leader from a volunteering group, a society or sports team

  • a faith leader from your place of worship

After you complete your form

Once you have completed your application form, make sure you:

  • check the spelling and grammar

  • sign and date it

  • save a copy for use with future applications, and in case you're asked about it at interview

Now that you have the knowledge, go and use it to discover the dream roles that you have put off because of completing application forms.

How to complete an application form: Job Seekers
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